您如何使用NSAttributedString?

2020/10/29 11:43 · ios ·  · 0评论

NSStringNSMutableStrings不能使用多种颜色因此,我听说了iPad SDK 3.2(或3.2左右)中NSAttributedString引入的内容,并且iPhone SDK 4.0 beta版以上的版本中也提供了该内容

我想要一个带有三种颜色的琴弦。

我不使用3个单独的NSString的原因是,因为三个NSAttributedString子字符串中每个子字符串的长度经常变化,所以我宁愿不要使用任何计算来重新定位3个单独的NSString对象。

如果有可能,请使用NSAttributedString以下方法-(如果无法使用NSAttributed字符串,则如何操作):

alt text

编辑:
请记住,
@"first"@"second"@"third"会在任何时间其他字符串替换。因此,使用硬编码的NSRange值将不起作用。

在构建属性字符串时,我更喜欢使用可变的子类,只是为了使内容更整洁。

话虽这么说,这是创建三色属性字符串的方法:

NSMutableAttributedString * string = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"firstsecondthird"];
[string addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:[UIColor redColor] range:NSMakeRange(0,5)];
[string addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:[UIColor greenColor] range:NSMakeRange(5,6)];
[string addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:[UIColor blueColor] range:NSMakeRange(11,5)];

在浏览器中输入。警告实施者

显然,您不会在这样的范围内进行硬编码。也许相反,您可以执行以下操作:

NSDictionary * wordToColorMapping = ....;  //an NSDictionary of NSString => UIColor pairs
NSMutableAttributedString * string = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@""];
for (NSString * word in wordToColorMapping) {
  UIColor * color = [wordToColorMapping objectForKey:word];
  NSDictionary * attributes = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:color forKey:NSForegroundColorAttributeName];
  NSAttributedString * subString = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithString:word attributes:attributes];
  [string appendAttributedString:subString];
  [subString release];
}

//display string

这个问题已经得到解决...但是我想展示如何添加阴影以及使用NSAttributedString更改字体,这样当人们搜索此主题时,他们就不必一直寻找。

#define FONT_SIZE 20
#define FONT_HELVETICA @"Helvetica-Light"
#define BLACK_SHADOW [UIColor colorWithRed:40.0f/255.0f green:40.0f/255.0f blue:40.0f/255.0f alpha:0.4f]

NSString*myNSString = @"This is my string.\nIt goes to a second line.";                

NSMutableParagraphStyle *paragraphStyle = [[NSMutableParagraphStyle alloc] init];
               paragraphStyle.alignment = NSTextAlignmentCenter;
             paragraphStyle.lineSpacing = FONT_SIZE/2;
                     UIFont * labelFont = [UIFont fontWithName:FONT_HELVETICA size:FONT_SIZE];
                   UIColor * labelColor = [UIColor colorWithWhite:1 alpha:1];
                       NSShadow *shadow = [[NSShadow alloc] init];
                 [shadow setShadowColor : BLACK_SHADOW];
                [shadow setShadowOffset : CGSizeMake (1.0, 1.0)];
            [shadow setShadowBlurRadius : 1];

NSAttributedString *labelText = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithString : myNSString
                      attributes : @{
   NSParagraphStyleAttributeName : paragraphStyle,
             NSKernAttributeName : @2.0,
             NSFontAttributeName : labelFont,
  NSForegroundColorAttributeName : labelColor,
           NSShadowAttributeName : shadow }];

这是Swift版本...

警告!这适用于4秒。

对于5s,您必须将所有Float值更改为Double值(因为编译器无法正常工作)

字体选择的Swift枚举:

enum FontValue: Int {
    case FVBold = 1 , FVCondensedBlack, FVMedium, FVHelveticaNeue, FVLight, FVCondensedBold, FVLightItalic, FVUltraLightItalic, FVUltraLight, FVBoldItalic, FVItalic
}

用于枚举访问的Swift数组(之所以需要,是因为枚举不能使用'-'):

func helveticaFont (index:Int) -> (String) {
    let fontArray = [
    "HelveticaNeue-Bold",
    "HelveticaNeue-CondensedBlack",
    "HelveticaNeue-Medium",
    "HelveticaNeue",
    "HelveticaNeue-Light",
    "HelveticaNeue-CondensedBold",
    "HelveticaNeue-LightItalic",
    "HelveticaNeue-UltraLightItalic",
    "HelveticaNeue-UltraLight",
    "HelveticaNeue-BoldItalic",
    "HelveticaNeue-Italic",
    ]
    return fontArray[index]
}

Swift属性文本功能:

func myAttributedText (myString:String, mySize: Float, myFont:FontValue) -> (NSMutableAttributedString) {

    let shadow = NSShadow()
    shadow.shadowColor = UIColor.textShadowColor()
    shadow.shadowOffset = CGSizeMake (1.0, 1.0)
    shadow.shadowBlurRadius = 1

    let paragraphStyle = NSMutableParagraphStyle.alloc()
    paragraphStyle.lineHeightMultiple = 1
    paragraphStyle.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakMode.ByWordWrapping
    paragraphStyle.alignment = NSTextAlignment.Center

    let labelFont = UIFont(name: helveticaFont(myFont.toRaw()), size: mySize)
    let labelColor = UIColor.whiteColor()

    let myAttributes :Dictionary = [NSParagraphStyleAttributeName : paragraphStyle,
                                              NSKernAttributeName : 3, // (-1,5)
                                              NSFontAttributeName : labelFont,
                                   NSForegroundColorAttributeName : labelColor,
                                            NSShadowAttributeName : shadow]

    let myAttributedString = NSMutableAttributedString (string: myString, attributes:myAttributes)

    // add new color 
    let secondColor = UIColor.blackColor()
    let stringArray = myString.componentsSeparatedByString(" ")
    let firstString: String? = stringArray.first
    let letterCount = countElements(firstString!)
    if firstString {
        myAttributedString.addAttributes([NSForegroundColorAttributeName:secondColor], range:NSMakeRange(0,letterCount))
    }

    return  myAttributedString
}

用于在字符串数组中查找范围的第一个和最后一个扩展名:

extension Array {
    var last: T? {
        if self.isEmpty {
            NSLog("array crash error - please fix")
            return self [0]
        } else {
            return self[self.endIndex - 1]
        }
    }
}

extension Array {
    var first: T? {
        if self.isEmpty {
            NSLog("array crash error - please fix")
            return self [0]
        } else {
            return self [0]
        }
    }
}

新颜色:

extension UIColor {
    class func shadowColor() -> UIColor {
        return UIColor(red: 0.0/255.0, green: 0.0/255.0, blue: 0.0/255.0, alpha: 0.3)
    }
    class func textShadowColor() -> UIColor {
        return UIColor(red: 50.0/255.0, green: 50.0/255.0, blue: 50.0/255.0, alpha: 0.5)
    }
    class func pastelBlueColor() -> UIColor {
        return UIColor(red: 176.0/255.0, green: 186.0/255.0, blue: 255.0/255.0, alpha: 1)
    }
    class func pastelYellowColor() -> UIColor {
        return UIColor(red: 255.0/255.0, green: 238.0/255.0, blue: 140.0/255.0, alpha: 1)
    }
}

我的宏替换:

enum MyConstants: Float {
    case CornerRadius = 5.0
}

我的按钮制造商附有署名文字:

func myButtonMaker (myView:UIView) -> UIButton {

    let myButton = UIButton.buttonWithType(.System) as UIButton
    myButton.backgroundColor = UIColor.pastelBlueColor()
    myButton.showsTouchWhenHighlighted = true;
    let myCGSize:CGSize = CGSizeMake(100.0, 50.0)
    let myFrame = CGRectMake(myView.frame.midX - myCGSize.height,myView.frame.midY - 2 * myCGSize.height,myCGSize.width,myCGSize.height)
    myButton.frame = myFrame
    let myTitle = myAttributedText("Button",20.0,FontValue.FVLight)
    myButton.setAttributedTitle(myTitle, forState:.Normal)

    myButton.layer.cornerRadius = myButton.bounds.size.width / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw()
    myButton.setTitleColor(UIColor.whiteColor(), forState: .Normal)
    myButton.tag = 100
    myButton.bringSubviewToFront(myView)
    myButton.layerGradient()

    myView.addSubview(myButton)

    return  myButton
}

我的UIView / UILabel制造商,带有文字,阴影和圆角:

func myLabelMaker (myView:UIView) -> UIView {

    let myFrame = CGRectMake(myView.frame.midX / 2 , myView.frame.midY / 2, myView.frame.width/2, myView.frame.height/2)
    let mylabelFrame = CGRectMake(0, 0, myView.frame.width/2, myView.frame.height/2)

    let myBaseView = UIView()
    myBaseView.frame = myFrame
    myBaseView.backgroundColor = UIColor.clearColor()

    let myLabel = UILabel()
    myLabel.backgroundColor=UIColor.pastelYellowColor()
    myLabel.frame = mylabelFrame

    myLabel.attributedText = myAttributedText("This is my String",20.0,FontValue.FVLight)
    myLabel.numberOfLines = 5
    myLabel.tag = 100
    myLabel.layer.cornerRadius = myLabel.bounds.size.width / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw()
    myLabel.clipsToBounds = true
    myLabel.layerborders()

    myBaseView.addSubview(myLabel)

    myBaseView.layerShadow()
    myBaseView.layerGradient()

    myView.addSubview(myBaseView)

    return myLabel
}

通用阴影添加:

func viewshadow<T where T: UIView> (shadowObject: T)
{
    let layer = shadowObject.layer
    let radius = shadowObject.frame.size.width / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw();
    layer.borderColor = UIColor.whiteColor().CGColor
    layer.borderWidth = 0.8
    layer.cornerRadius = radius
    layer.shadowOpacity = 1
    layer.shadowRadius = 3
    layer.shadowOffset = CGSizeMake(2.0,2.0)
    layer.shadowColor = UIColor.shadowColor().CGColor
}

视图样式的视图扩展:

extension UIView {
    func layerborders() {
        let layer = self.layer
        let frame = self.frame
        let myColor = self.backgroundColor
        layer.borderColor = myColor.CGColor
        layer.borderWidth = 10.8
        layer.cornerRadius = layer.borderWidth / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw()
    }

    func layerShadow() {
        let layer = self.layer
        let frame = self.frame
        layer.cornerRadius = layer.borderWidth / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw()
        layer.shadowOpacity = 1
        layer.shadowRadius = 3
        layer.shadowOffset = CGSizeMake(2.0,2.0)
        layer.shadowColor = UIColor.shadowColor().CGColor
    }

    func layerGradient() {
        let layer = CAGradientLayer()
        let size = self.frame.size
        layer.frame.size = size
        layer.frame.origin = CGPointMake(0.0,0.0)
        layer.cornerRadius = layer.bounds.size.width / MyConstants.CornerRadius.toRaw();

        var color0 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(250.0/255, 250.0/255, 250.0/255, 0.5)
        var color1 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(200.0/255, 200.0/255, 200.0/255, 0.1)
        var color2 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(150.0/255, 150.0/255, 150.0/255, 0.1)
        var color3 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(100.0/255, 100.0/255, 100.0/255, 0.1)
        var color4 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(50.0/255, 50.0/255, 50.0/255, 0.1)
        var color5 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(0.0/255, 0.0/255, 0.0/255, 0.1)
        var color6 = CGColorCreateGenericRGB(150.0/255, 150.0/255, 150.0/255, 0.1)

        layer.colors = [color0,color1,color2,color3,color4,color5,color6]
        self.layer.insertSublayer(layer, atIndex: 2)
    }
}

实际的视图确实加载了功能:

func buttonPress (sender:UIButton!) {
    NSLog("%@", "ButtonPressed")
}

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    let myLabel = myLabelMaker(myView)
    let myButton = myButtonMaker(myView)

    myButton.addTarget(self, action: "buttonPress:", forControlEvents:UIControlEvents.TouchUpInside)

    viewshadow(myButton)
    viewshadow(myLabel)

}

我认为,这是一种regular expressions用于查找应用属性范围的非常方便的方法这是我的方法:

NSMutableAttributedString *goodText = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:articleText];

NSRange range = [articleText rangeOfString:@"\\[.+?\\]" options:NSRegularExpressionSearch|NSCaseInsensitiveSearch];
if (range.location != NSNotFound) {
    [goodText addAttribute:NSFontAttributeName value:[UIFont fontWithName:@"Georgia" size:16] range:range];
    [goodText addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:[UIColor brownColor] range:range];
}

NSString *regEx = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@.+?\\s", [self.article.titleText substringToIndex:0]];
range = [articleText rangeOfString:regEx options:NSRegularExpressionSearch|NSCaseInsensitiveSearch];
if (range.location != NSNotFound) {
    [goodText addAttribute:NSFontAttributeName value:[UIFont fontWithName:@"Georgia-Bold" size:20] range:range];
    [goodText addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:[UIColor blueColor] range:range];
}

[self.textView setAttributedText:goodText];

我正在搜索可用属性的列表,但在此处和类参考的第一页中找不到它们。因此,我决定在此处发布有关此信息。

标准属性

属性字符串支持以下文本标准属性。如果密钥不在词典中,请使用下面描述的默认值。

NSString *NSFontAttributeName;
NSString *NSParagraphStyleAttributeName;
NSString *NSForegroundColorAttributeName;
NSString *NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName;
NSString *NSSuperscriptAttributeName;
NSString *NSBackgroundColorAttributeName;
NSString *NSAttachmentAttributeName;
NSString *NSLigatureAttributeName;
NSString *NSBaselineOffsetAttributeName;
NSString *NSKernAttributeName;
NSString *NSLinkAttributeName;
NSString *NSStrokeWidthAttributeName;
NSString *NSStrokeColorAttributeName;
NSString *NSUnderlineColorAttributeName;
NSString *NSStrikethroughStyleAttributeName;
NSString *NSStrikethroughColorAttributeName;
NSString *NSShadowAttributeName;
NSString *NSObliquenessAttributeName;
NSString *NSExpansionAttributeName;
NSString *NSCursorAttributeName;
NSString *NSToolTipAttributeName;
NSString *NSMarkedClauseSegmentAttributeName;
NSString *NSWritingDirectionAttributeName;
NSString *NSVerticalGlyphFormAttributeName;
NSString *NSTextAlternativesAttributeName;

NSAttributedString编程指南

完整的类参考在这里

该解决方案将适用于任何长度

NSString *strFirst = @"Anylengthtext";
NSString *strSecond = @"Anylengthtext";
NSString *strThird = @"Anylengthtext";

NSString *strComplete = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ %@ %@",strFirst,strSecond,strThird];

NSMutableAttributedString *attributedString =[[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:strComplete];

[attributedString addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName
              value:[UIColor redColor]
              range:[strComplete rangeOfString:strFirst]];

[attributedString addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName
              value:[UIColor yellowColor]
              range:[strComplete rangeOfString:strSecond]];

[attributedString addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName
              value:[UIColor blueColor]
              range:[strComplete rangeOfString:strThird]];


self.lblName.attributedText = attributedString;

我编写了帮助程序来轻松添加属性:

- (void)addColor:(UIColor *)color substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addBackgroundColor:(UIColor *)color substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addUnderlineForSubstring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addStrikeThrough:(int)thickness substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addShadowColor:(UIColor *)color width:(int)width height:(int)height radius:(int)radius substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addFontWithName:(NSString *)fontName size:(int)fontSize substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addAlignment:(NSTextAlignment)alignment substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addColorToRussianText:(UIColor *)color;
- (void)addStrokeColor:(UIColor *)color thickness:(int)thickness substring:(NSString *)substring;
- (void)addVerticalGlyph:(BOOL)glyph substring:(NSString *)substring;

https://github.com/shmidt/MASAttributes

您也可以通过CocoaPods安装: pod 'MASAttributes', '~> 1.0.0'

从iOS 7开始,您可以使用NSAttributedStringHTML语法:

NSURL *htmlString = [[NSBundle mainBundle]  URLForResource: @"string"     withExtension:@"html"];
NSAttributedString *stringWithHTMLAttributes = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithFileURL:htmlString
                                                                                       options:@{NSDocumentTypeDocumentAttribute:NSHTMLTextDocumentType}
                                                                            documentAttributes:nil
                                                                                         error:nil];
textView.attributedText = stringWithHTMLAttributes;// you can use a label also

您必须在项目中添加文件“ string.html”,并且html的内容可以如下所示:

<html>
  <head>
    <style type="text/css">
      body {
        font-size: 15px;
        font-family: Avenir, Arial, sans-serif;
      }
      .red {
        color: red;
      }
      .green {
        color: green;
      }
      .blue {
        color: blue;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <span class="red">first</span><span class="green">second</span><span class="blue">third</span>
  </body>
</html>  

现在,NSAttributedString即使没有HTML文件,也可以根据需要使用,例如:

//At the top of your .m file
#define RED_OCCURENCE -red_occurence-
#define GREEN_OCCURENCE -green_occurence-
#define BLUE_OCCURENCE -blue_occurence-
#define HTML_TEMPLATE @"<span style=\"color:red\">-red_occurence-</span><span style=\"color:green\">-green_occurence-</span><span style=\"color:blue\">-blue_occurence-</span></body></html>"

//Where you need to use your attributed string
NSString *string = [HTML_TEMPLATE stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:RED_OCCURENCE withString:@"first"] ;
string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:GREEN_OCCURENCE   withString:@"second"];
string = [string stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:BLUE_OCCURENCE    withString:@"third"];

NSData* cData = [string dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

NSAttributedString *stringWithHTMLAttributes = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithData:cData
                                                                                options:@{NSDocumentTypeDocumentAttribute:NSHTMLTextDocumentType}
                                                                        documentAttributes:nil
                                                                                     error:nil];
textView.attributedText = stringWithHTMLAttributes;

资源

我总是发现使用属性字符串是一个令人难以置信的漫长而乏味的过程。

因此,我制作了一个Mac App,它为您创建了所有代码。

https://itunes.apple.com/cn/app/attributed-string-creator/id730928349?mt=12

具有属性字符串扩展名的更简单解决方案。

extension NSMutableAttributedString {

    // this function attaches color to string    
    func setColorForText(textToFind: String, withColor color: UIColor) {
        let range: NSRange = self.mutableString.range(of: textToFind, options: .caseInsensitive)
        self.addAttribute(NSAttributedStringKey.foregroundColor, value: color, range: range)
    }

}

试试看,看看(在Swift 3和4中测试)

let label = UILabel()
label.frame = CGRect(x: 120, y: 100, width: 200, height: 30)
let first = "first"
let second = "second"
let third = "third"
let stringValue = "\(first)\(second)\(third)"  // or direct assign single string value like "firstsecondthird"

let attributedString: NSMutableAttributedString = NSMutableAttributedString(string: stringValue)
attributedString.setColorForText(textToFind: first, withColor: UIColor.red)   // use variable for string "first"
attributedString.setColorForText(textToFind: "second", withColor: UIColor.green) // or direct string like this "second"
attributedString.setColorForText(textToFind: third, withColor: UIColor.blue)
label.font = UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 26)
label.attributedText = attributedString
self.view.addSubview(label)

这是预期的结果:

enter image description here

在Swift 4中:

let string:NSMutableAttributedString = {

    let mutableString = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "firstsecondthird")

    mutableString.addAttribute(NSForegroundColorAttributeName, value: UIColor.red , range: NSRange(location: 0, length: 5))
    mutableString.addAttribute(NSForegroundColorAttributeName, value: UIColor.green , range: NSRange(location: 5, length: 6))
    mutableString.addAttribute(NSForegroundColorAttributeName, value: UIColor.blue , range: NSRange(location: 11, length: 5))
    return mutableString
}()

print(string)

您可以按如下方式 加载HTML属性字符串Swift

   var Str = NSAttributedString(
   data: htmlstring.dataUsingEncoding(NSUnicodeStringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: true),
   options: [ NSDocumentTypeDocumentAttribute: NSHTMLTextDocumentType],
   documentAttributes: nil,
   error: nil)

   label.attributedText = Str  

html从文件 加载

   if let rtf = NSBundle.mainBundle().URLForResource("rtfdoc", withExtension: "rtf", subdirectory: nil, localization: nil) {

   let attributedString = NSAttributedString(fileURL: rtf, options: [NSDocumentTypeDocumentAttribute:NSRTFTextDocumentType], documentAttributes: nil, error: nil)
        textView.attributedText = attributedString
        textView.editable = false
    }

http://sketchytech.blogspot.in/2013/11/creating-nsattributedstring-from-html.html

并根据您所需的属性设置字符串。...按照此操作。.http:
//makeapppie.com/2014/10/20/swift-swift-using-attributed-strings-in-swift/

我制作了一个库,使这变得容易得多。查看ZenCopy。

您可以创建样式对象,和/或将它们设置为键以供以后引用。像这样:

ZenCopy.manager.config.setStyles {
    return [
        "token": Style(
            color: .blueColor(), // optional
            // fontName: "Helvetica", // optional
            fontSize: 14 // optional
        )
    ]
}

然后,您可以轻松构造字符串并设置其样式并具有params :)

label.attributedText = attributedString(
                                ["$0 ".style("token") "is dancing with ", "$1".style("token")], 
                          args: ["JP", "Brock"]
)

您还可以使用正则表达式搜索轻松设置样式!

let atUserRegex = "(@[A-Za-z0-9_]*)"
mutableAttributedString.regexFind(atUserRegex, addStyle: "token")

这将以'token'样式为所有单词加上'@'样式。(例如@jpmcglone)

我需要仍然得到它的工作瓦特/家居NSAttributedString所提供的,但我认为fontNamefontSize和彩色封面大头吧。期待大量更新:)

如果需要,我可以帮助您开始使用。同时也希望获得反馈,因此,如果这使您的生活更轻松,我会说任务已经完成。

- (void)changeColorWithString:(UILabel *)uilabel stringToReplace:(NSString *) stringToReplace uiColor:(UIColor *) uiColor{
    NSMutableAttributedString *text =
    [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc]
     initWithAttributedString: uilabel.attributedText];

    [text addAttribute: NSForegroundColorAttributeName value:uiColor range:[uilabel.text rangeOfString:stringToReplace]];

    [uilabel setAttributedText: text];

}

为了解决此类问题,我迅速创建了一个名为Atributika的库。

let str = "<r>first</r><g>second</g><b>third</b>".style(tags:
        Style("r").foregroundColor(.red),
        Style("g").foregroundColor(.green),
        Style("b").foregroundColor(.blue)).attributedString

label.attributedText = str

您可以在这里找到它https://github.com/psharanda/Atributika

斯威夫特4

let combination = NSMutableAttributedString()

var part1 = NSMutableAttributedString()
var part2 = NSMutableAttributedString()
var part3 = NSMutableAttributedString()

let attrRegular = [NSAttributedStringKey.font : UIFont(name: "Palatino-Roman", size: 15)]

let attrBold:Dictionary = [NSAttributedStringKey.font : UIFont(name: "Raleway-SemiBold", size: 15)]

let attrBoldWithColor: Dictionary = [NSAttributedStringKey.font : UIFont(name: "Raleway-SemiBold", size: 15),
                                 NSAttributedStringKey.foregroundColor: UIColor.red]

if let regular = attrRegular as? [NSAttributedStringKey : NSObject]{
    part1 = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "first", attributes: regular)

}
if let bold = attrRegular as? [NSAttributedStringKey : NSObject]{
    part2 = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "second", attributes: bold)
}

if let boldWithColor = attrBoldWithColor as? [NSAttributedStringKey : NSObject]{
    part3 = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "third", attributes: boldWithColor)
}

combination.append(part1)
combination.append(part2)
combination.append(part3)

属性列表,请参阅 Apple Docs上的NSAttributedStringKey。

超级简单的方法做到这一点。

let text = "This is a colorful attributed string"
let attributedText = 
NSMutableAttributedString.getAttributedString(fromString: text)
attributedText.apply(color: .red, subString: "This")
//Apply yellow color on range
attributedText.apply(color: .yellow, onRange: NSMakeRange(5, 4))

欲了解更多详情,请点击这里;
https://github.com/iOSTechHub/AttributedString

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