如何捕获UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints?

2020/10/31 19:32 · ios ·  · 0评论

我在调试器日志中看到一个错误:

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint 
<NSLayoutConstraint:0x191f0920 H:[MPKnockoutButton:0x17a876b0]-(34)-[MPDetailSlider:0x17a8bc50](LTR)>

Make a symbolic breakpoint at UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints to catch this in the debugger.
The methods in the UIConstraintBasedLayoutDebugging category on UIView listed in <UIKit/UIView.h> may also be helpful.

我该如何接听电话?它没有出现在我的代码中的任何地方。

屏幕截图1

这篇文章帮了我很多

使用建议的操作添加了UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints符号断点:

Obj-C项目

po [[UIWindow keyWindow] _autolayoutTrace]

Objective-C项目中具有自定义操作的符号断点

斯威夫特项目

expr -l objc++ -O -- [[UIWindow keyWindow] _autolayoutTrace]

具有自定义动作的符号断点

有了这个提示,日志变得更加详细,并且对于我来说更容易确定哪个视图打破了约束。

UIWindow:0x7f88a8e4a4a0
|   UILayoutContainerView:0x7f88a8f23b70
|   |   UINavigationTransitionView:0x7f88a8ca1970
|   |   |   UIViewControllerWrapperView:0x7f88a8f2aab0
|   |   |   |UIView:0x7f88a8ca2880
|   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8ca2a10
|   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8c98820'Archived'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIButtonLabel:0x7f88a8cb0e30'Archived'
|   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8ca22d0'Download'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIButtonLabel:0x7f88a8cb04e0'Download'
|   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8ca1580'Deleted'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIButtonLabel:0x7f88a8caf100'Deleted'
|   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8ca33e0
|   |   |   |   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f88a8ca35b0
|   |   |   |   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f88a8ca4090
|   |   |   |   |   _UIPageViewControllerContentView:0x7f88a8f1a390
|   |   |   |   |   |   _UIQueuingScrollView:0x7f88aa031c00
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIView:0x7f88a8f38070
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIView:0x7f88a8f381e0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |UIView:0x7f88a8f39fa0, MISSING HOST CONSTRAINTS
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8cb9bf0'Retrieve data'- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIButton:0x7f88a8cb9bf0'Retrieve data'.minX{id: 170}, UIButton:0x7f88a8cb9bf0'Retrieve data'.minY{id: 171}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8f3ad80- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIImageView:0x7f88a8f3ad80.minX{id: 172}, UIImageView:0x7f88a8f3ad80.minY{id: 173}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *App.RecordInfoView:0x7f88a8cbe530- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for App.RecordInfoView:0x7f88a8cbe530.minX{id: 174}, App.RecordInfoView:0x7f88a8cbe530.minY{id: 175}, App.RecordInfoView:0x7f88a8cbe530.Width{id: 176}, App.RecordInfoView:0x7f88a8cbe530.Height{id: 177}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +UIView:0x7f88a8cc1d30- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIView:0x7f88a8cc1d30.minX{id: 178}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1d30.minY{id: 179}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1d30.Width{id: 180}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1d30.Height{id: 181}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8cc1ec0- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIView:0x7f88a8cc1ec0.minX{id: 153}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1ec0.minY{id: 151}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1ec0.Width{id: 154}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc1ec0.Height{id: 165}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8e68e10- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIView:0x7f88a8e68e10.minX{id: 155}, UIView:0x7f88a8e68e10.minY{id: 150}, UIView:0x7f88a8e68e10.Width{id: 156}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e65de0- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIImageView:0x7f88a8e65de0.minX{id: 159}, UIImageView:0x7f88a8e65de0.minY{id: 182}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8e69080'8-6-2015'- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UILabel:0x7f88a8e69080'8-6-2015'.minX{id: 183}, UILabel:0x7f88a8e69080'8-6-2015'.minY{id: 184}, UILabel:0x7f88a8e69080'8-6-2015'.Width{id: 185}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0690'16:34'- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0690'16:34'.minX{id: 186}, UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0690'16:34'.minY{id: 187}, UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0690'16:34'.Width{id: 188}, UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0690'16:34'.Height{id: 189}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8cc2050- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIView:0x7f88a8cc2050.minX{id: 161}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc2050.minY{id: 166}, UIView:0x7f88a8cc2050.Width{id: 163}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e69d90- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIImageView:0x7f88a8e69d90.minX{id: 190}, UIImageView:0x7f88a8e69d90.minY{id: 191}, UIImageView:0x7f88a8e69d90.Width{id: 192}, UIImageView:0x7f88a8e69d90.Height{id: 193}
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3cc00
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8e618d0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e5ba10
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3cd70
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e58e10
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e5e7a0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3cee0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3dc70
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8e64dd0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8e65290'Average flow rate'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8e712d0'177.0 ml/s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8c97150'1299.4'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3dde0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3df50'Maximum flow rate'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cbfdb0'371.6 ml/s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0230'873.5'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3e2a0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3e410'Total volume'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0f20'371.6 ml'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3e870
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3ea00'Time do max. flow'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc0ac0'3.6 s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3ee10
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3efa0'Flow time'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cbf980'2.1 s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3f3e0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3f570'Voiding time'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc17e0'3.5 s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3f9a0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8f3fb30'Voiding delay'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UILabel:0x7f88a8cc1380'1.0 s'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8e65000
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8e52f20'Show'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e6e1d0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8e52c90'Send'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e61bb0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIButton:0x7f88a8e528e0'Delete'
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIImageView:0x7f88a8e6b3f0
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIView:0x7f88a8f3ff60
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *UIActivityIndicatorView:0x7f88a8cba080
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIImageView:0x7f88a8cba700
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f88a8cc3150
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f88a8cc3b10
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   UIView:0x7f88a8f339c0
|   |   UINavigationBar:0x7f88a8c96810
|   |   |   _UINavigationBarBackground:0x7f88a8e45c00
|   |   |   |   UIImageView:0x7f88a8e46410
|   |   |   UINavigationItemView:0x7f88a8c97520'App'
|   |   |   |   UILabel:0x7f88a8c97cc0'App'
|   |   |   UINavigationButton:0x7f88a8e3e850
|   |   |   |   UIImageView:0x7f88a8e445b0
|   |   |   _UINavigationBarBackIndicatorView:0x7f88a8f2b530

Legend:
    * - is laid out with auto layout
    + - is laid out manually, but is represented in the layout engine because translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = YES
    • - layout engine host

然后我暂停执行, 暂停 并通过命令更改了有问题的视图的背景颜色(当然,替换0x7f88a8cc2050您对象的内存地址)...

对象

expr ((UIView *)0x7f88a8cc2050).backgroundColor = [UIColor redColor]

斯威夫特3.0

expr -l Swift -- import UIKit
expr -l Swift -- unsafeBitCast(0x7f88a8cc2050, to: UIView.self).backgroundColor = UIColor.red

...和结果太棒了!

提示视图

简直太神奇了!希望能帮助到你。

您需要添加一个Symbolic BreakpointApple提供了有关如何执行此操作出色指南

  1. 打开Breakpoint Navigator cmd+7cmd+8在Xcode 9中)
  2. 点击Add左下角按钮
  3. 选择 Add Symbolic Breakpoint...
  4. 它说Symbol只要输入UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints

您还可以将其像其他任何断点一样对待,将其打开和关闭,添加操作或记录消息。

遵循斯蒂芬的建议,并尝试调试代码,哇!有效。答案在于调试消息本身。

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint
NSLayoutConstraint:0x191f0920 H:[MPKnockoutButton:0x17a876b0]-(34)-[MPDetailSlider:0x17a8bc50](LTR)>

上面的行告诉您,运行时通过删除此约束而起作用。可能是您不需要按钮(MPKnockoutButton)上的水平间距。清除此约束后,它将在运行时不会抱怨,并且您将获得所需的行为。

每当我尝试删除系统必须打破的约束时,我的约束就不再足以满足IB(即IB中显示的“缺失约束”,这意味着它们是不完整的,将不会使用)。我实际上是通过将要打破的约束设置为低优先级来解决此问题的(这是一个假设),该约束使系统可以优雅地打破约束。它可能不是最好的解决方案,但它解决了我的问题,并且所产生的约束条件完美地发挥了作用。

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