如何在iOS上找到最上方的视图控制器

2020/10/31 22:52 · ios ·  · 0评论

现在,我遇到了两种情况,可以方便地找到“最顶层”的视图控制器(负责当前视图的视图控制器),但还没有找到一种方法。

基本上,挑战是这样的:假设一个人正在一个不是视图控制器(或视图)的类中执行[并且没有活动视图的地址],并且尚未传递最顶层视图控制器的地址(或者说导航控制器的地址),是否可以找到该视图控制器?(如果是的话,如何?)

否则,是否有可能找到最顶层的视图?

iOS 4在UIWindow上引入了rootViewController属性:

[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;

不过,在创建视图控制器之后,您需要自己进行设置。

我认为您需要接受的答案和@fishstix的组合

+ (UIViewController*) topMostController
{
    UIViewController *topController = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;

    while (topController.presentedViewController) {
        topController = topController.presentedViewController;
    }

    return topController;
}

迅捷3.0+

func topMostController() -> UIViewController? {
    guard let window = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow, let rootViewController = window.rootViewController else {
        return nil
    }

    var topController = rootViewController

    while let newTopController = topController.presentedViewController {
        topController = newTopController
    }

    return topController
}

为了完成JonasG的答案(在遍历时忽略了标签栏控制器),这是我返回当前可见的视图控制器的版本:

- (UIViewController*)topViewController {
    return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController];
}

- (UIViewController*)topViewControllerWithRootViewController:(UIViewController*)rootViewController {
    if ([rootViewController isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]) {
        UITabBarController* tabBarController = (UITabBarController*)rootViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:tabBarController.selectedViewController];
    } else if ([rootViewController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
        UINavigationController* navigationController = (UINavigationController*)rootViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:navigationController.visibleViewController];
    } else if (rootViewController.presentedViewController) {
        UIViewController* presentedViewController = rootViewController.presentedViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:presentedViewController];
    } else {
        return rootViewController;
    }
}

完整的非递归版本,照顾不同的情况:

  • 视图控制器正在呈现另一个视图
  • 视图控制器是一个 UINavigationController
  • 视图控制器是一个 UITabBarController

目标C

 UIViewController *topViewController = self.window.rootViewController;
 while (true)
 {
     if (topViewController.presentedViewController) {
         topViewController = topViewController.presentedViewController;
     } else if ([topViewController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
         UINavigationController *nav = (UINavigationController *)topViewController;
         topViewController = nav.topViewController;
     } else if ([topViewController isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]) {
         UITabBarController *tab = (UITabBarController *)topViewController;
         topViewController = tab.selectedViewController;
     } else {
         break;
     }
 }

迅捷4+

extension UIWindow {
    func topViewController() -> UIViewController? {
        var top = self.rootViewController
        while true {
            if let presented = top?.presentedViewController {
                top = presented
            } else if let nav = top as? UINavigationController {
                top = nav.visibleViewController
            } else if let tab = top as? UITabBarController {
                top = tab.selectedViewController
            } else {
                break
            }
        }
        return top
    }
}

使用扩展获取Swift的顶级视图控制器

码:

extension UIViewController {
    @objc func topMostViewController() -> UIViewController {
        // Handling Modal views
        if let presentedViewController = self.presentedViewController {
            return presentedViewController.topMostViewController()
        }
        // Handling UIViewController's added as subviews to some other views.
        else {
            for view in self.view.subviews
            {
                // Key property which most of us are unaware of / rarely use.
                if let subViewController = view.next {
                    if subViewController is UIViewController {
                        let viewController = subViewController as! UIViewController
                        return viewController.topMostViewController()
                    }
                }
            }
            return self
        }
    }
}

extension UITabBarController {
    override func topMostViewController() -> UIViewController {
        return self.selectedViewController!.topMostViewController()
    }
}

extension UINavigationController {
    override func topMostViewController() -> UIViewController {
        return self.visibleViewController!.topMostViewController()
    }
}

用法:

UIApplication.sharedApplication().keyWindow!.rootViewController!.topMostViewController()

为了完成Eric的答案(遍历时遗漏了弹出窗口,导航控制器,tabbarcontroller,作为子视图添加到其他视图控制器的视图控制器的人),这是我返回当前可见的视图控制器的版本:

================================================== ===================

- (UIViewController*)topViewController {
    return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController];
}

- (UIViewController*)topViewControllerWithRootViewController:(UIViewController*)viewController {
    if ([viewController isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]) {
        UITabBarController* tabBarController = (UITabBarController*)viewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:tabBarController.selectedViewController];
    } else if ([viewController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
        UINavigationController* navContObj = (UINavigationController*)viewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:navContObj.visibleViewController];
    } else if (viewController.presentedViewController && !viewController.presentedViewController.isBeingDismissed) {
        UIViewController* presentedViewController = viewController.presentedViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:presentedViewController];
    }
    else {
        for (UIView *view in [viewController.view subviews])
        {
            id subViewController = [view nextResponder];
            if ( subViewController && [subViewController isKindOfClass:[UIViewController class]])
            {
                if ([(UIViewController *)subViewController presentedViewController]  && ![subViewController presentedViewController].isBeingDismissed) {
                    return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:[(UIViewController *)subViewController presentedViewController]];
                }
            }
        }
        return viewController;
    }
}

================================================== ===================

现在,要获得最高的视图控制器,您需要做的就是调用上述方法,如下所示:

UIViewController *topMostViewControllerObj = [self topViewController];

该答案包括childViewControllers并保持一个干净且易读的实现。

+ (UIViewController *)topViewController
{
    UIViewController *rootViewController = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;

    return [rootViewController topVisibleViewController];
}

- (UIViewController *)topVisibleViewController
{
    if ([self isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]])
    {
        UITabBarController *tabBarController = (UITabBarController *)self;
        return [tabBarController.selectedViewController topVisibleViewController];
    }
    else if ([self isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]])
    {
        UINavigationController *navigationController = (UINavigationController *)self;
        return [navigationController.visibleViewController topVisibleViewController];
    }
    else if (self.presentedViewController)
    {
        return [self.presentedViewController topVisibleViewController];
    }
    else if (self.childViewControllers.count > 0)
    {
        return [self.childViewControllers.lastObject topVisibleViewController];
    }

    return self;
}

我最近在我的一个项目中遇到了这种情况,当网络状态更改时,它要求显示一个通知视图,无论显示的控制器是什么,类型是什么(UINavigationController,经典控制器或自定义视图控制器)。

因此,我刚刚发布了我的代码,该代码非常简单,并且实际上是基于协议的,因此对于每种类型的容器控制器都非常灵活。它似乎与最后的答案有关,但是方式非常灵活。

您可以在此处获取代码:PPTopMostController

并获得使用最多的控制器

UIViewController *c = [UIViewController topMostController];

这是对Eric答案的改进:

UIViewController *_topMostController(UIViewController *cont) {
    UIViewController *topController = cont;

    while (topController.presentedViewController) {
        topController = topController.presentedViewController;
    }

    if ([topController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
        UIViewController *visible = ((UINavigationController *)topController).visibleViewController;
        if (visible) {
            topController = visible;
        }
    }

    return (topController != cont ? topController : nil);
}

UIViewController *topMostController() {
    UIViewController *topController = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;

    UIViewController *next = nil;

    while ((next = _topMostController(topController)) != nil) {
        topController = next;
    }

    return topController;
}

_topMostController(UIViewController *cont) 是一个辅助功能。

现在您需要做的就是调用,topMostController()并且应该返回最上面的UIViewController!

对于最新的Swift版本:

创建一个文件,为其命名
UIWindowExtension.swift并粘贴以下代码段:

import UIKit

public extension UIWindow {
    public var visibleViewController: UIViewController? {
        return UIWindow.getVisibleViewControllerFrom(self.rootViewController)
    }

    public static func getVisibleViewControllerFrom(vc: UIViewController?) -> UIViewController? {
        if let nc = vc as? UINavigationController {
            return UIWindow.getVisibleViewControllerFrom(nc.visibleViewController)
        } else if let tc = vc as? UITabBarController {
            return UIWindow.getVisibleViewControllerFrom(tc.selectedViewController)
        } else {
            if let pvc = vc?.presentedViewController {
                return UIWindow.getVisibleViewControllerFrom(pvc)
            } else {
                return vc
            }
        }
    }
}

func getTopViewController() -> UIViewController? {
    let appDelegate = UIApplication.sharedApplication().delegate
    if let window = appDelegate!.window {
        return window?.visibleViewController
    }
    return nil
}

可以在任何地方使用它:

if let topVC = getTopViewController() {

}

使用以下扩展名抓取当前可见的UIViewController适用于Swift 4.0及更高版本

Swift 4.0及更高版本:

extension UIApplication {
    
    class func topViewController(_ viewController: UIViewController? = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow?.rootViewController) -> UIViewController? {
        if let nav = viewController as? UINavigationController {
            return topViewController(nav.visibleViewController)
        }
        if let tab = viewController as? UITabBarController {
            if let selected = tab.selectedViewController {
                return topViewController(selected)
            }
        }
        if let presented = viewController?.presentedViewController {
            return topViewController(presented)
        }
        return viewController
    }
}

如何使用?

let objViewcontroller = UIApplication.topViewController()
@implementation UIWindow(扩展名)

-(UIViewController *)topMostController
{
    UIViewController * topController = [self rootViewController];

    while(topController.presentedViewController){
        topController = topController.presentedViewController;
    }

    返回topController;
}

@结束

这是我的看法。感谢@Stakenborg指出了跳过让UIAlertView成为最高控制器的方法

-(UIWindow *) returnWindowWithWindowLevelNormal
{
    NSArray *windows = [UIApplication sharedApplication].windows;
    for(UIWindow *topWindow in windows)
    {
        if (topWindow.windowLevel == UIWindowLevelNormal)
            return topWindow;
    }
    return [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow;
}

-(UIViewController *) getTopMostController
{
    UIWindow *topWindow = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow;
    if (topWindow.windowLevel != UIWindowLevelNormal)
    {
        topWindow = [self returnWindowWithWindowLevelNormal];
    }

    UIViewController *topController = topWindow.rootViewController;
    if(topController == nil)
    {
        topWindow = [UIApplication sharedApplication].delegate.window;
        if (topWindow.windowLevel != UIWindowLevelNormal)
        {
            topWindow = [self returnWindowWithWindowLevelNormal];
        }
        topController = topWindow.rootViewController;
    }

    while(topController.presentedViewController)
    {
        topController = topController.presentedViewController;
    }

    if([topController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]])
    {
        UINavigationController *nav = (UINavigationController*)topController;
        topController = [nav.viewControllers lastObject];

        while(topController.presentedViewController)
        {
            topController = topController.presentedViewController;
        }
    }

    return topController;
}

UIApplicationSwift中的简单扩展

注意:

它在乎的moreNavigationControllerUITabBarController

extension UIApplication {

    class func topViewController(baseViewController: UIViewController? = UIApplication.sharedApplication().keyWindow?.rootViewController) -> UIViewController? {

        if let navigationController = baseViewController as? UINavigationController {
            return topViewController(navigationController.visibleViewController)
        }

        if let tabBarViewController = baseViewController as? UITabBarController {

            let moreNavigationController = tabBarViewController.moreNavigationController

            if let topViewController = moreNavigationController.topViewController where topViewController.view.window != nil {
                return topViewController(topViewController)
            } else if let selectedViewController = tabBarViewController.selectedViewController {
                return topViewController(selectedViewController)
            }
        }

        if let splitViewController = baseViewController as? UISplitViewController where splitViewController.viewControllers.count == 1 {
            return topViewController(splitViewController.viewControllers[0])
        }

        if let presentedViewController = baseViewController?.presentedViewController {
            return topViewController(presentedViewController)
        }

        return baseViewController
    }
}

简单用法:

if let topViewController = UIApplication.topViewController() {
    //do sth with top view controller
}
- (UIViewController*)topViewController {
    return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController];
}

- (UIViewController*)topViewControllerWithRootViewController:(UIViewController*)rootViewController {
    if ([rootViewController isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]) {
        UITabBarController* tabBarController = (UITabBarController*)rootViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:tabBarController.selectedViewController];
    } else if ([rootViewController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
        UINavigationController* navigationController = (UINavigationController*)rootViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:navigationController.visibleViewController];
    } else if (rootViewController.presentedViewController) {
        UIViewController* presentedViewController = rootViewController.presentedViewController;
        return [self topViewControllerWithRootViewController:presentedViewController];
    } else {
        return rootViewController;
    }
}

在雨燕4.2简明而全面的解决方案,考虑到UINavigationControllersUITabBarControllers提出孩子视图控制器:

extension UIViewController {
  func topmostViewController() -> UIViewController {
    if let navigationVC = self as? UINavigationController,
      let topVC = navigationVC.topViewController {
      return topVC.topmostViewController()
    }
    if let tabBarVC = self as? UITabBarController,
      let selectedVC = tabBarVC.selectedViewController {
      return selectedVC.topmostViewController()
    }
    if let presentedVC = presentedViewController {
      return presentedVC.topmostViewController()
    }
    if let childVC = children.last {
      return childVC.topmostViewController()
    }
    return self
  }
}

extension UIApplication {
  func topmostViewController() -> UIViewController? {
    return keyWindow?.rootViewController?.topmostViewController()
  }
}

用法:

let viewController = UIApplication.shared.topmostViewController()

另一个Swift解决方案

func topController() -> UIViewController? {

    // recursive follow
    func follow(from:UIViewController?) -> UIViewController? {
        if let to = (from as? UITabBarController)?.selectedViewController {
            return follow(to)
        } else if let to = (from as? UINavigationController)?.visibleViewController {
            return follow(to)
        } else if let to = from?.presentedViewController {
            return follow(to)
        }
        return from
    }

    let root = UIApplication.sharedApplication().keyWindow?.rootViewController

    return follow(root)

}

Swift 4.2扩展


extension UIApplication {

    class func topViewController(controller: UIViewController? = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow?.rootViewController) -> UIViewController? {
        if let navigationController = controller as? UINavigationController {
            return topViewController(controller: navigationController.visibleViewController)
        }
        if let tabController = controller as? UITabBarController {
            if let selected = tabController.selectedViewController {
                return topViewController(controller: selected)
            }
        }
        if let presented = controller?.presentedViewController {


            return topViewController(controller: presented)
        }
        return controller
    }
}

可以在任何地方使用它,

 UIApplication.topViewController()?.present(yourController, animated: true, completion: nil)

或喜欢

 UIApplication.topViewController()?
                    .navigationController?
                    .popToViewController(yourController,
                                         animated: true)

适合任何类,如UINavigationController,UITabBarController

请享用!

这对我有用。

我发现有时控制器在按键窗口上为零,因为keyWindow是某种操作系统,例如警报等。

 + (UIViewController*)topMostController
 {
     UIWindow *topWndow = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow;
     UIViewController *topController = topWndow.rootViewController;

     if (topController == nil)
     {
         // The windows in the array are ordered from back to front by window level; thus,
         // the last window in the array is on top of all other app windows.
         for (UIWindow *aWndow in [[UIApplication sharedApplication].windows reverseObjectEnumerator])
         {
             topController = aWndow.rootViewController;
             if (topController)
                 break;
         }
     }

     while (topController.presentedViewController) {
         topController = topController.presentedViewController;
     }

     return topController;
 }

在扩展@Eric的答案时,您需要注意keyWindow实际上是您想要的窗口。例如,如果您在敲击警报视图中的某些内容后尝试使用此方法,则keyWindow实际上将是警报的窗口,这无疑会给您造成问题。这是我在通过警报处理深层链接时在野外发生的事情,并导致SIGABRT出现NO STACK TRACE。总母狗要调试。

这是我现在使用的代码:

- (UIViewController *)getTopMostViewController {
    UIWindow *topWindow = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow;
    if (topWindow.windowLevel != UIWindowLevelNormal) {
        NSArray *windows = [UIApplication sharedApplication].windows;
        for(topWindow in windows)
        {
            if (topWindow.windowLevel == UIWindowLevelNormal)
                break;
        }
    }

    UIViewController *topViewController = topWindow.rootViewController;

    while (topViewController.presentedViewController) {
        topViewController = topViewController.presentedViewController;
    }

    return topViewController;
}

随意将其与从该问题的其他答案中检索您喜欢的顶视图控制器的任何方式混合使用。

另一种Swift解决方案:

static func topMostController() -> UIViewController {
    var topController = UIApplication.sharedApplication().keyWindow?.rootViewController
    while (topController?.presentedViewController != nil) {
        topController = topController?.presentedViewController
    }

    return topController!
}

这个解决方案是最完整的。它需要考虑以下因素:UINavigationController UIPageViewController UITabBarController以及顶部视图控制器中最顶部显示的视图控制器

该示例在Swift 3中。

有3个重载

//Get the topmost view controller for the current application.
public func MGGetTopMostViewController() -> UIViewController?  {

    if let currentWindow:UIWindow = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow {
        return MGGetTopMostViewController(fromWindow: currentWindow)
    }

    return nil
}

//Gets the topmost view controller from a specific window.
public func MGGetTopMostViewController(fromWindow window:UIWindow) -> UIViewController? {

    if let rootViewController:UIViewController = window.rootViewController
    {
        return MGGetTopMostViewController(fromViewController:  rootViewController)
    }

    return nil
}


//Gets the topmost view controller starting from a specific UIViewController
//Pass the rootViewController into this to get the apps top most view controller
public func MGGetTopMostViewController(fromViewController viewController:UIViewController) -> UIViewController {

    //UINavigationController
    if let navigationViewController:UINavigationController = viewController as? UINavigationController {
        let viewControllers:[UIViewController] = navigationViewController.viewControllers
        if navigationViewController.viewControllers.count >= 1 {
            return MGGetTopMostViewController(fromViewController: viewControllers[viewControllers.count - 1])
        }
    }

    //UIPageViewController
    if let pageViewController:UIPageViewController = viewController as? UIPageViewController {
        if let viewControllers:[UIViewController] = pageViewController.viewControllers {
            if viewControllers.count >= 1 {
                return MGGetTopMostViewController(fromViewController: viewControllers[0])
            }
        }
    }

    //UITabViewController
    if let tabBarController:UITabBarController = viewController as? UITabBarController {
        if let selectedViewController:UIViewController = tabBarController.selectedViewController {
            return MGGetTopMostViewController(fromViewController: selectedViewController)
        }
    }

    //Lastly, Attempt to get the topmost presented view controller
    var presentedViewController:UIViewController! = viewController.presentedViewController
    var nextPresentedViewController:UIViewController! = presentedViewController?.presentedViewController

    //If there is a presented view controller, get the top most prensentedViewController and return it.
    if presentedViewController != nil {
        while nextPresentedViewController != nil {

            //Set the presented view controller as the next one.
            presentedViewController = nextPresentedViewController

            //Attempt to get the next presented view controller
            nextPresentedViewController = presentedViewController.presentedViewController
        }
        return presentedViewController
    }

    //If there is no topmost presented view controller, return the view controller itself.
    return viewController
}

Swift中的绝佳解决方案,在AppDelegate中实现

func getTopViewController()->UIViewController{
    return topViewControllerWithRootViewController(UIApplication.sharedApplication().keyWindow!.rootViewController!)
}
func topViewControllerWithRootViewController(rootViewController:UIViewController)->UIViewController{
    if rootViewController is UITabBarController{
        let tabBarController = rootViewController as! UITabBarController
        return topViewControllerWithRootViewController(tabBarController.selectedViewController!)
    }
    if rootViewController is UINavigationController{
        let navBarController = rootViewController as! UINavigationController
        return topViewControllerWithRootViewController(navBarController.visibleViewController)
    }
    if let presentedViewController = rootViewController.presentedViewController {
        return topViewControllerWithRootViewController(presentedViewController)
    }
    return rootViewController
}

我知道它很晚了,可能是多余的。但是以下是我想出的代码段,它对我有用:

    static func topViewController() -> UIViewController? {
        return topViewController(vc: UIApplication.shared.keyWindow?.rootViewController)
    }

    private static func topViewController(vc:UIViewController?) -> UIViewController? {
        if let rootVC = vc {
            guard let presentedVC = rootVC.presentedViewController else {
                return rootVC
            }
            if let presentedNavVC = presentedVC as? UINavigationController {
                let lastVC = presentedNavVC.viewControllers.last
                return topViewController(vc: lastVC)
            }
            return topViewController(vc: presentedVC)
        }
        return nil
    }

我认为大多数答案都被完全忽略了UINavigationViewController,因此我通过以下实现处理了该用例。

+ (UIViewController *)topMostController {
    UIViewController * topController = [UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;
    while (topController.presentedViewController || [topController isMemberOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
        if([topController isMemberOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
            topController = [topController childViewControllers].lastObject;
        } else {
            topController = topController.presentedViewController;
        }
    }

    return topController;
}

这些答案很多都不完整。尽管这是在Objective-C中进行的,但这是我现在可以放在一起作为非递归块使用的所有代码的最佳汇编:

UIViewController *(^topmostViewControllerForFrontmostNormalLevelWindow)(void) = ^UIViewController *{
    // NOTE: Adapted from various stray answers here:
    //   https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6131205/iphone-how-to-find-topmost-view-controller/20515681

    UIViewController *viewController;

    for (UIWindow *window in UIApplication.sharedApplication.windows.reverseObjectEnumerator.allObjects) {
        if (window.windowLevel == UIWindowLevelNormal) {
            viewController = window.rootViewController;
            break;
        }
    }

    while (viewController != nil) {
        if ([viewController isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]) {
            viewController = ((UITabBarController *)viewController).selectedViewController;
        } else if ([viewController isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {
            viewController = ((UINavigationController *)viewController).visibleViewController;
        } else if (viewController.presentedViewController != nil && !viewController.presentedViewController.isBeingDismissed) {
            viewController = viewController.presentedViewController;
        } else if (viewController.childViewControllers.count > 0) {
            viewController = viewController.childViewControllers.lastObject;
        } else {
            BOOL repeat = NO;

            for (UIView *view in viewController.view.subviews.reverseObjectEnumerator.allObjects) {
                if ([view.nextResponder isKindOfClass:[UIViewController class]]) {
                    viewController = (UIViewController *)view.nextResponder;

                    repeat = YES;
                    break;
                }
            }

            if (!repeat) {
                break;
            }
        }
    }

    return viewController;
};

这非常适合从任何根视图控件中找到顶部viewController 1

+ (UIViewController *)topViewControllerFor:(UIViewController *)viewController
{
    if(!viewController.presentedViewController)
        return viewController;
    return [MF5AppDelegate topViewControllerFor:viewController.presentedViewController];
}

/* View Controller for Visible View */

AppDelegate *app = [UIApplication sharedApplication].delegate;
UIViewController *visibleViewController = [AppDelegate topViewControllerFor:app.window.rootViewController]; 

不知道这是否会通过找到最顶层的视图控制器来帮助您完成什么,但是我试图提供一个新的视图控制器,但是如果我的根视图控制器已经有一个模态对话框,它将被阻止,所以我将使用以下代码循环到所有模态视图控制器的顶部:

UIViewController* parentController =[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController;

while( parentController.presentedViewController &&
       parentController != parentController.presentedViewController )
{
    parentController = parentController.presentedViewController;
}

您可以通过使用找到最顶级的视图控制器

NSArray *arrViewControllers=[[self navigationController] viewControllers];
UIViewController *topMostViewController=(UIViewController *)[arrViewControllers objectAtIndex:[arrViewControllers count]-1];

另一种解决方案依赖于响应者链,取决于第一响应者是什么,该链可能会起作用,也可能不会起作用:

  1. 获取第一响应者
  2. 获取与该第一响应者关联的UIViewController

伪代码示例:

+ (UIViewController *)currentViewController {
    UIView *firstResponder = [self firstResponder]; // from the first link above, but not guaranteed to return a UIView, so this should be handled more appropriately.
    UIViewController *viewController = [firstResponder viewController]; // from the second link above
    return viewController;
}
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