如何在Swift中旋转图像?

2020/12/01 11:22 · ios ·  · 0评论

我无法将图像快速旋转90度。我已经写了下面的代码,但是有一个错误并且无法编译

  func imageRotatedByDegrees(oldImage: UIImage, deg degrees: CGFloat) -> UIImage {

    //Calculate the size of the rotated view's containing box for our drawing space
    let rotatedViewBox: UIView = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: oldImage.size.width, height: oldImage.size.height))
    let t: CGAffineTransform = CGAffineTransform(rotationAngle: degrees * CGFloat(M_PI / 180))
    rotatedViewBox.transform = t
    let rotatedSize: CGSize = rotatedViewBox.frame.size

    //Create the bitmap context
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(rotatedSize)
    let bitmap: CGContext = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()!

    //Move the origin to the middle of the image so we will rotate and scale around the center.
    bitmap.translateBy(x: rotatedSize.width / 2, y: rotatedSize.height / 2)

    //Rotate the image context
    bitmap.rotate(by: (degrees * CGFloat(M_PI / 180)))

    //Now, draw the rotated/scaled image into the context
    bitmap.scaleBy(x: 1.0, y: -1.0)
    bitmap.draw(oldImage, in:  CGRect(origin: (x: -oldImage.size.width / 2,  y: -oldImage.size.height / 2, width:  oldImage.size.width, height: oldImage.size.height), size: oldImage.cgImage))

    let newImage: UIImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()!
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

    return newImage

  }

以下是我不确定的代码

bitmap.draw(oldImage, in:  CGRect(origin: (x: -oldImage.size.width / 2,  y: -oldImage.size.height / 2, width:  oldImage.size.width, height: oldImage.size.height), size: oldImage.cgImage))

这是UIImage针对Swift 4.0的扩展,可以仅旋转图像而无需UIImageView成功测试了图像已旋转,并且不仅更改了exif数据。

import UIKit

extension UIImage {
    func rotate(radians: CGFloat) -> UIImage {
        let rotatedSize = CGRect(origin: .zero, size: size)
            .applying(CGAffineTransform(rotationAngle: CGFloat(radians)))
            .integral.size
        UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(rotatedSize)
        if let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext() {
            let origin = CGPoint(x: rotatedSize.width / 2.0,
                                 y: rotatedSize.height / 2.0)
            context.translateBy(x: origin.x, y: origin.y)
            context.rotate(by: radians)
            draw(in: CGRect(x: -origin.y, y: -origin.x,
                            width: size.width, height: size.height))
            let rotatedImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
            UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

            return rotatedImage ?? self
        }

        return self
    }
}

要执行180度旋转,您可以这样命名:

let rotatedImage = image.rotate(radians: .pi)

如果由于某种原因无法旋转,则将返回原始图像。

设置ImageView图像

ImageView.transform = ImageView.transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI_2))

迅捷5

ImageView.transform = ImageView.transform.rotated(by: .pi)        // 180˚

ImageView.transform = ImageView.transform.rotated(by: .pi / 2)    // 90˚

ImageView.transform = ImageView.transform.rotated(by: .pi * 1.5)  // 270˚

一行:

rotatedViewBox.transform = CGAffineTransform(rotationAngle: CGFloat.pi/2)
 let angle =  CGFloat(M_PI_2)
  let tr = CGAffineTransform.identity.rotated(by: angle)
  ImageView.transform = tr

在Swift 4.2和Xcode 10.0中

dropDownImageView.transform = dropDownImageView.transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(Double.pi / 2))

如果要添加动画...

UIView.animate(withDuration: 2.0, animations: {
   self.dropDownImageView.transform = self.dropDownImageView.transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(Double.pi / 2))
})

您可以将以下代码用于Swift 3:

extension UIImage {

func fixImageOrientation() -> UIImage? {
    var flip:Bool = false //used to see if the image is mirrored
    var isRotatedBy90:Bool = false // used to check whether aspect ratio is to be changed or not

    var transform = CGAffineTransform.identity

    //check current orientation of original image
    switch self.imageOrientation {
    case .down, .downMirrored:
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI));

    case .left, .leftMirrored:
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI_2));
        isRotatedBy90 = true
    case .right, .rightMirrored:
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(-M_PI_2));
        isRotatedBy90 = true
    case .up, .upMirrored:
        break
    }

    switch self.imageOrientation {

    case .upMirrored, .downMirrored:
        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.width, y: 0)
        flip = true

    case .leftMirrored, .rightMirrored:
        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.height, y: 0)
        flip = true
    default:
        break;
    }

    // calculate the size of the rotated view's containing box for our drawing space
    let rotatedViewBox = UIView(frame: CGRect(origin: CGPoint(x:0, y:0), size: size))
    rotatedViewBox.transform = transform
    let rotatedSize = rotatedViewBox.frame.size

    // Create the bitmap context
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(rotatedSize)
    let bitmap = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()

    // Move the origin to the middle of the image so we will rotate and scale around the center.
    bitmap!.translateBy(x: rotatedSize.width / 2.0, y: rotatedSize.height / 2.0);

    // Now, draw the rotated/scaled image into the context
    var yFlip: CGFloat

    if(flip){
        yFlip = CGFloat(-1.0)
    } else {
        yFlip = CGFloat(1.0)
    }

    bitmap!.scaleBy(x: yFlip, y: -1.0)

    //check if we have to fix the aspect ratio
    if isRotatedBy90 {
        bitmap?.draw(self.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: -size.width / 2, y: -size.height / 2, width: size.height,height: size.width))
    } else {
        bitmap?.draw(self.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: -size.width / 2, y: -size.height / 2, width: size.width,height: size.height))
    }

    let fixedImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

    return fixedImage
}

通过UIGraphics上下文旋转图像是比较繁琐的操作。您可能会看到质量下降和内存增加的问题。

我建议您尝试旋转图层或查看自身。

extension UIView {


    func rotate(degrees: CGFloat) {

        let degreesToRadians: (CGFloat) -> CGFloat = { (degrees: CGFloat) in
            return degrees / 180.0 * CGFloat.pi
        }
        self.transform =  CGAffineTransform(rotationAngle: degreesToRadians(degrees))

        // If you like to use layer you can uncomment the following line 
        //layer.transform = CATransform3DMakeRotation(degreesToRadians(degrees), 0.0, 0.0, 1.0)
    }
}

如何使用

yourImageView.rotate(degrees: 40)

您的代码离功能并不遥远。您可以直接将变换应用于位图,而无需中间视图:

func imageRotatedByDegrees(oldImage: UIImage, deg degrees: CGFloat) -> UIImage {
    let size = oldImage.size

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(size)

    let bitmap: CGContext = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()!
    //Move the origin to the middle of the image so we will rotate and scale around the center.
    bitmap.translateBy(x: size.width / 2, y: size.height / 2)
    //Rotate the image context
    bitmap.rotate(by: (degrees * CGFloat(M_PI / 180)))
    //Now, draw the rotated/scaled image into the context
    bitmap.scaleBy(x: 1.0, y: -1.0)

    let origin = CGPoint(x: -size.width / 2, y: -size.width / 2)

    bitmap.draw(oldImage.cgImage!, in: CGRect(origin: origin, size: size))

    let newImage: UIImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()!
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
    return newImage
}

另外,如果您要创建一个旋转图像的函数,通常最好的形式是包含一个clockwise: Bool参数,参数会将参数解释degrees为是否顺时针旋转。我将留给您实施和适当转换为弧度的信息。

另外请注意,假设该oldImage.size值非零,这有点麻烦如果是这样,强制展开UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()!可能会崩溃。您应该验证oldImage的大小,如果无效,则返回oldImage

您可以先在imageView中设置图像,然后旋转以在imageView中获取图像

这里:

let customImageView = UIImageView()
customImageView.frame = CGRect.init(x: 0, y: 0, w: 250, h: 250)
customImageView.image = UIImage(named: "yourImage")

customImageView .transform = customImageView .transform.rotated(by: CGFloat.init(M_PI_2))
var rotatedImage = UIImage()
rotatedImage = customImageView.image!

您的问题是您对CGRect使用了不存在的初始化程序。如果要使用CGRect(origin:size :),则可以正确创建原点,而无需使用width和height参数。或删除大小参数并使用CGRect(x:y:width:height :)

只需替换此行

bitmap.draw(oldImage, in:  CGRect(origin: (x: -oldImage.size.width / 2,  y: -oldImage.size.height / 2, width:  oldImage.size.width, height: oldImage.size.height), size: oldImage.cgImage))

与此:

let rect = CGRect(origin: CGPoint(x: -oldImage.size.width / 2,  y: -oldImage.size.height / 2), size: oldImage.size)
bitmap.draw(oldImage.cgImage!, in: rect)

如果您只是不想进行特定的旋转,而是喜欢一一使用所有方向。

func rotateImage() -> UIImage {
    let newOrientation = Orientation(rawValue: self.imageOrientation.rawValue + 1) ?? UIImage.Orientation(rawValue: 0)
    return UIImage(cgImage: self.cgImage!, scale: self.scale, orientation: newOrientation!)
}
UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(CGSize(width: bitmap.width, height: bitmap.height))
UIImage(cgImage: oldImage.cgImage, scale: 1, orientation: .leftMirrored).draw(at: .zero)
let image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()!

矮得多。

ImageView?.transform = transform.rotated(by: (CGFloat(Double.pi / 2)))

斯威夫特4.2

旋转-向右。工作正常。

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