在UInt和Int之间快速转换

2020/12/17 00:51 · ios ·  · 0评论

我有以下方法

var photos = [MWPhoto] = [MWPhoto]()

func numberOfPhotosInPhotoBrowser(photoBrowser: MWPhotoBrowser!) -> UInt {

    return self.photos.count
}

func photoBrowser(photoBrowser: MWPhotoBrowser!, photoAtIndex index: UInt) -> MWPhotoProtocol! {

    return self.photos[index]
}

但是我第一次得到Int is not convertible to UInt(因为self.photos.countInt

第二个UInt is not convertible to Int-因为self.photos[只能将Int用作其索引。

如何正确将UInt转换为Int并返回?

在第一个中,返回类型为UInt,但是您返回Int,因为count返回Int。

基本上,UInt具有初始化程序,该初始化程序采用值类型参数的变体(例如Int,CGFloat,Double或event string)并返回新的值类型。

  • UInt(8) //结果是8个UInt值类型
  • UInt(20.12) //结果为20个UInt值类型
  • UInt(Double(10)) //结果是10个UInt值类型
  • UInt(“ 10”) //结果是10个UInt值类型,请注意,这是失败的初始化程序,可以为value或nil

--

func numberOfPhotosInPhotoBrowser(photoBrowser: MWPhotoBrowser!) -> UInt {

    return UInt(self.photos.count)
}

对于第二个,数组下标在您要传递UInt的地方期望Int值,因此UInt创建一个新的Int值类型

func photoBrowser(photoBrowser: MWPhotoBrowser!, photoAtIndex index: UInt) -> MWPhotoProtocol! {

    return self.photos[Int(index)]
}
// initializing Int
var someInt: Int = 8
someInt

// Converting Int to UInt
var someIntToUInt: UInt = UInt(someInt)
someIntToUInt

// initializing UInt   
var someUInt: UInt = 10
someUInt

// Converting UInt to Int   
var someUIntToInt: Int = Int(someUInt)
someUIntToInt

如果要从负值获取无符号整数,请使用UInt(bitPattern :)

let intVal = -1
let uintVal = UInt(bitPattern: intVal) // uintVal == 0xffffffffffffffff

将此添加到课程之外的任何位置:

extension UInt {
    /// SwiftExtensionKit
    var toInt: Int { return Int(self) }
}

然后只需致电:

self.photos[index].toInt

我对Swift的密码方法参数bitPattern:truncatingBitPattern:感到非常沮丧,而且由于无法记住何时使用哪个参数,我创建了以下包含大量转换方法的类。

我不一定建议您将其包含在程序中。我敢肯定,很多人会说Swift正在努力保护我们免受自身侵害,破坏这种努力是愚蠢的。因此,也许您应该将此文件保留为备忘单,以便快速确定如何进行转换,并在需要时将参数复制到程序中。

顺便说一句,JDI代表“做到这一点”。

/// Class containing a large number of static methods to convert an Int to a UInt or vice-versa, and 
/// also to perform conversions between different bit sizes, for example UInt32 to UInt8.
///
/// Many of these "conversions" are trivial, and are only included for the sake of completeness.
///
/// A few of the conversions involving Int and UInt can give different results when run on 32-bit
/// and 64-bit systems. All of the conversion where the bit size of both the source and the target
/// are specified will always give the same result independent of platform.
public class JDI {

   // MARK: - To signed Int

   // To Int8
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : Int8) -> Int8 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : Int32) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : Int64) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : Int) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : UInt8) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : UInt32) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : UInt64) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt8(_ x : UInt) -> Int8 {
      return Int8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }

   // To Int32
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : Int8) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : Int32) -> Int32 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : Int64) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : Int) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : UInt8) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : UInt32) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : UInt64) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt32(_ x : UInt) -> Int32 {
      return Int32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }

   // To Int64
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : Int8) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : Int32) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : Int64) -> Int64 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : Int) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : UInt8) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : UInt32) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : UInt64) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt64(_ x : UInt) -> Int64 {
      return Int64(bitPattern: UInt64(x))  // Does not extend high bit of 32-bit input
   }

   // To Int
   public static func ToInt(_ x : Int8) -> Int {
      return Int(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : Int32) -> Int {
      return Int(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : Int64) -> Int {
      return Int(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : Int) -> Int {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : UInt8) -> Int {
      return Int(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : UInt32) -> Int {
      if MemoryLayout<Int>.size == MemoryLayout<Int32>.size {
         return Int(Int32(bitPattern: x))  // For 32-bit systems, non-authorized interpretation
      }
      return Int(x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : UInt64) -> Int {
      return Int(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToInt(_ x : UInt) -> Int {
      return Int(bitPattern: x)
   }

   // MARK: - To unsigned Int

   // To UInt8
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : Int8) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : Int32) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : Int64) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : Int) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : UInt8) -> UInt8 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : UInt32) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : UInt64) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt8(_ x : UInt) -> UInt8 {
      return UInt8(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }

   // To UInt32
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : Int8) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(bitPattern: Int32(x))  // Extend sign bit, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : Int32) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : Int64) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : Int) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : UInt8) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : UInt32) -> UInt32 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : UInt64) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt32(_ x : UInt) -> UInt32 {
      return UInt32(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }

   // To UInt64
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : Int8) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(bitPattern: Int64(x))  // Extend sign bit, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : Int32) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(bitPattern: Int64(x))  // Extend sign bit, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : Int64) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : Int) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(bitPattern: Int64(x))  // Extend sign bit if necessary, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : UInt8) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : UInt32) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : UInt64) -> UInt64 {
      return x
   }
   public static func ToUInt64(_ x : UInt) -> UInt64 {
      return UInt64(x)  // Does not extend high bit of 32-bit input
   }

   // To UInt
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : Int8) -> UInt {
      return UInt(bitPattern: Int(x))  // Extend sign bit, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : Int32) -> UInt {
      return UInt(truncatingBitPattern: Int64(x))  // Extend sign bit, assume minus input significant
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : Int64) -> UInt {
      return UInt(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : Int) -> UInt {
      return UInt(bitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : UInt8) -> UInt {
      return UInt(x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : UInt32) -> UInt {
      return UInt(x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : UInt64) -> UInt {
      return UInt(truncatingBitPattern: x)
   }
   public static func ToUInt(_ x : UInt) -> UInt {
      return x
   }
}

这是一些测试代码:

   public func doTest() {

      // To Int8

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(-13 as Int8) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(257 as Int32) == 1)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(257 as Int64) == 1)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(257 as Int) == 1)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(0xf3 as UInt8) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(UInt64.max - 12) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt8(42 as UInt) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt8(UInt.max - 12) == -13)

      // To Int32

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(-13 as Int8) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(-13 as Int32) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(Int64(Int32.min) - 1) == Int32.max)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(-13 as Int) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(0xf3 as UInt8) == 243)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(UInt64.max - 12) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt32(42 as UInt) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt32(UInt.max - 12) == -13)

      // To Int64

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(-13 as Int8) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(-13 as Int32) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(-13 as Int64) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(-13 as Int) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(0xf3 as UInt8) == 243)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 4294967283)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt64(UInt64.max - 12) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt64(42 as UInt) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToInt64(UInt.max - 12) == 4294967283)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToInt64(UInt.max - 12) == -13)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      // To Int

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(-13 as Int8) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(-13 as Int32) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(-13 as Int64) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(-13 as Int) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(0xf3 as UInt8) == 243)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToInt(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == -13)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToInt(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 4294967283)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(UInt64.max - 12) == -13)

      assert(JDI.ToInt(42 as UInt) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToInt(UInt.max - 12) == -13)

      // To UInt8

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(-13 as Int8) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(-13 as Int32) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(-13 as Int64) == 0xf3)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(Int64.max - 12) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(-13 as Int) == 0xf3)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(Int.max - 12) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(0xf3 as UInt8) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(UInt64.max - 12) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(42 as UInt) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt8(UInt.max - 12) == 0xf3)

      // To UInt32

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(-13 as Int8) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(-13 as Int32) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(-13 as Int64) == 0xfffffff3)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(Int64.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(-13 as Int) == 0xfffffff3)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt32(Int.max - 12) == 0x7ffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt32(Int.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(0xf3 as UInt8) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(UInt64.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(42 as UInt) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt32(UInt.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)

      // To UInt64

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as Int8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(-13 as Int8) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as Int32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(-13 as Int32) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as Int64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(-13 as Int64) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(Int64.max - 12) == (UInt64.max >> 1) - 12)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as Int) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(-13 as Int) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt64(Int.max - 12) == 0x7ffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt64(Int.max - 12) == 0x7ffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(0xf3 as UInt8) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(UInt64.max - 12) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt64(42 as UInt) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt64(UInt.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt64(UInt.max - 12) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      // To UInt

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as Int8) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int8) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int8) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as Int32) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int32) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int32) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as Int64) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int64) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(Int64.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(-13 as Int64) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(Int64.max - 12) == 0x7ffffffffffffff3)
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as Int) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(Int.max - 12) == 0x7ffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(Int.max - 12) == 0x7ffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as UInt8) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt(0xf3 as UInt8) == 0xf3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as UInt32) == 42)
      assert(JDI.ToUInt(0xfffffff3 as UInt32) == 0xfffffff3)

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as UInt64) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(UInt64.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(UInt64.max - 12) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      assert(JDI.ToUInt(42 as UInt) == 42)
      #if (arch(i386) || arch(arm))
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(UInt.max - 12) == 0xfffffff3)  // For 32-bit systems
      #else
         assert(JDI.ToUInt(UInt.max - 12) == 0xfffffffffffffff3)  // For 64-bit systems
      #endif

      print("\nTesting JDI complete.\n")
   }
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